Extended findings from trials that led to U. S. acceptance of the cervical malignancy vaccine Gardasil find it extremely effective in preventing precancerous lesions of the cervix. The vaccine prevents infection with 4 strains of the sexually transmitted individual papilloma virus (HPV), the leading cause of cervical cancer. In two studies involving almost 18,000 girls and women, Gardasil proved almost 100 percent effective in stopping precancerous cervical lesions associated with those strains. The new studies also discovered that Gardasil is much far better when given to girls or women before they become sexually active — bolstering current recommendations from the U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Avoidance that 11- and 12-year-old young ladies should routinely receive the vaccine within school vaccination efforts. Moves by declares to mandate vaccination of young girls have met with strong opposition from conservatives and some parents. But doctors state the new findings, reported in the May 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medication, support those condition mandates.”All vaccines are likely to function best before you have the disease,” explained Dr. Kevin Ault, a co-researcher using one of the trials and a co-employee professor of gynecology and obstetrics at Emory University in Atlanta.”There’s lots of good, practical factors to give the vaccine to 11-year-olds,” he said, including the fact that they have solid immune systems and so are already getting photos against other infectious illnesses. “But that’s one of the best reasons: they are unlikely to possess gotten the virus at that point,” Ault added. Another study, released in the same issue of the journal, points to a potential new reason behind both women and men to worry about HPV: throat cancer. U. S. experts say the virus — probably transmitted through oral sex in this instance — is just about the number 1 cause of throat malignancies, which affect about 11,000 Americans each year. HPV’s connection to cervical cancer continues to be the biggest concern, however, because it may be the second biggest reason behind cancer death among females worldwide, killing around 240,000 women each year. The CDC at this point estimates that a lot more than 20 million U. S. women and men carry cervical cancer-connected HPV. In Ault’s study, called the near future II trial, researchers at greater than a dozen medical centers globally tracked the potency of Gardasil in a lot more than 12,000 women aged 15 to 26.Although genital HPV comes in at least 15 strains, Gardasil aims to avoid infection with 4 strains — 6, 11, 16 and 18 — which jointly are believed to cause 70 percent of cervical malignancies. The three-year trial discovered that three standard doses of vaccine were 98 percent effective in stopping high-grade “dysplasia” — abnormal, precancerous cell growth — of the cervix in women without prior contact with strains 16 and 18.Not all dysplastic lesions improvement to full-blown cancer, Ault explained, but every cervical cancers will proceed through this precancerous stage. He called the analysis results “reassuring” for individuals who hope Gardasil may prevent girls and ladies from ever getting infected with the most highly carcinogenic strains of HPV. Gardasil was somewhat less impressive when females who had already been exposed to HPV 16 and 18 through sex were contained in the analysis. In that case, the vaccine achieved 44 percent efficacy in preventing precancerous lesions, Ault’s team said. Vaccinated women with a prior history of HPV 16 or 18 “had a reasonably similar price of dysplasia as women who didn’t have the vaccine,” said Dr. George F. Sawaya, a co-employee professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA, and co-author of a related commentary. One worry is usually that with types 16 and 18 eased from the picture by Gardasil, various other HPV strains may somehow fill up the gap and trigger dysplasias. “There’s some proof that that may, actually, be the case,” said Sawaya, who’s also director of the Cervical Dysplasia Clinic at SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA General Hospital. A second international research, led by Dr. Suzanne Garland of the University of Melbourne, Australia, echoed the results of the FUTURE II trial. That three-year trial, called Long term I, tracked the incidence of genital warts and vulvar, vaginal and cervical cancers or precancerous lesions linked to HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18. The study included almost 5,500 females aged 16 to 24. This time around, vaccination with Gardasil was 100 percent effective in stopping warts, lesions or cancer in women who had never been exposed to the HPV strains targeted by the vaccine.
Efficacy dropped to 20 percent when the experts included women who also had already been infected with in least among the targeted strains. Both FUTURE trials — which were funded by Gardasil’s maker, Merck & Co. —
lend support to moves by some U. S. declares to mandate the inclusion of the vaccine in school immunization programs. Some parents have withdrawn their kids from immunization attempts, citing safety issues. But, both into the future trials have up to now turned up little in the way of adverse side effects from the vaccine other than the occasional transient fever or soreness at the inoculation site — problems that can occur with any shot.”I’d hope that big studies in the brand new England Journal of Medication will go a long way to relieving people’s fears about safety,” Ault said. “There have been 2 million doses [of Gardasil] today given in doctors’ offices around america and there will not look like any big safety concern,” he added. Sawaya was a bit more careful, pointing to the fact that one of the nearly 18,000 ladies studied did create a very rare vulvar malignancy. “That finding gives me pause,” he said. “Although we can not draw conclusions from one case of anything, it raises some awareness that people do have to be careful.”Parents and conservative groups also have suggested that routine vaccination with Gardasil might improve premarital sex among teen girls.
“I think it’s just the contrary,” Ault said. “Studies have shown that the more teens find out about risk, the less likely they are to take risks. Because you put a bicycle helmet on your kid, they don’t really then go out and perform in traffic.”HPV might also prove dangerous for a complete new reason, according to the results of a third research released in the same problem of the journal. Predicated on new research, researchers at Johns Hopkins University now believe that HPV is responsible for the vast majority of oropharyngheal (throat) cancers.
Individuals would typically agreement oral HPV contamination through oral sex, they said. In its study, the Hopkins group examined throat tumors from 100 newly diagnosed sufferers, comparing them to biopsies from 200 healthful control participants. They found that oral infection with the 37 types of HPV tested boosted odds for throat cancer 12-fold. That far outranks the danger from smoking and drinking, both risk factors previously thought to be the primary culprits behind throat malignancies.”The true importance of this study is to make doctors realize that people who do not smoke and drink remain at risk of head and neck malignancy,” said study writer Dr. Maura Gillison, an associate professor of oncology and epidemiology.
All too often, she said, physicians overlook the probability of cancer in nonsmoking, nondrinking sufferers with chronic sore throat or an unexplained neck mass.”That means it can be five, six weeks before the disease makes it onto the doctor’s radar display,” Gillison explained. Therefore, could an HPV vaccine protect women — and guys — against throat malignancy?Gillison said it’s prematurily . to tell, “but I would certainly hope so. Actually, we are currently in the initial phases of discussing how to appearance at whether Gardasil could prevent oral HPV infections.”
AUSTIN, Texas, March 1, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/
Since 1997 House the Homeless, Inc. has been conducting various surveys focused on the condition of homelessness. The present survey specifically focuses on historical symptoms and indicators found within the pool of people experiencing homelessness.
By all indications, there are a significant number of these symptoms and indicators present. This suggests a strong possible linkage between past head trauma and people who now find themselves homeless on the streets of America.
The survey can be found at goo.gl/oKwlmJ.
People growing up in America, as a matter of normal daily activity, have experienced rough and tumble activity or play. Additionally, many people have often engaged in formal or informal contact sports (often without protective headgear).
Our purpose in surveying adults in the general homeless population is to determine if there might be indicators or symptoms that point to past head trauma. This is significant when looking at the 2010 House the Homeless, Health Survey, http://goo.gl/6pydpv, when we learned that 49% of people experiencing homelessness, by their own self-reporting, have become so disabled that they cannot work a full 40 hour a week job.
It is also clear that little is known and very few steps have been taken to prevent head injuries that affect the brain. It was only as recently as 1943 that the National Football League, NFL, began to require helmets.
While their design has helped prevent skull fractures we have only recently come to realize the inherent irony that while a good helmet can help a race car driver or a fullback from cracking their skull open, a closed head injury can cause severe brain damage. Post trauma, the closed skull cannot yield to the expanding brain and permanent damage can occur. So collapsible fins encased in double hulled layers with a cushioned outer covering are being explored even as this press release is being launched.
But what about jungle gyms and falling out of tree injuries? Until we understand the nature of these injuries, we will not know their suspected connections with Dementia, Parkinson’s disease, memory problems, ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease) and even Bi-polar Disorder, etc. All of the debilitating conditions share neurotransmitter disruption. Perhaps the high level of indicators found within the population point to a possible cause of homelessness.
A severe brain injury can have a lasting impact on your life and drastically affect you and your loved ones. Due to the fragile nature of our brains, even a minor impact blow can have major consequences.
It is estimated that each year, over 100,000 Britons suffer from a brain injury which requires medical attention. Brain injuries can have a lasting effect on your life, if you are involved in a serious accident and suffer a head injury, it is highly likely that you may suffer some sort of brain injury.
Brain injuries can occur in many ways from road traffic accidents, slips trips and falls and even accidents in the workplace. Thankfully, the law is there to help, and if you are injured through no fault of your own and suffer a brain injury, you can take legal action to obtain the compensation you deserve.
Making a Personal Injury Claim Following a Brain Injury
If you suffer a serious head injury, it is vital that you seek medical advice from a trained professional. Head injuries can have the most serious impact on livelihoods, and if there is damage to the head or the brain, it is important that it is assessed as soon as possible.
This will allow a skilled professional to monitor your injuries and give you the best chance of a full rehabilitation. At The Accident Claims Web we have a large roster of professional and expert solicitors ready to help you and your family. For more information on how to make an accident claim call us now.
When you seek medical advice, you will also obtain a medical report which can prove to be exceptionally useful when making a personal injury claim. Such a document can be used to show the full extent of your injuries, the damage caused by your accident and essentially verify your claim. It will also show the expected recovery time and the impact the injury had. As well as this, it is difficult for those wishing to deny you compensation to go against the word of a trained medical professional.
When making a personal injury claim, as well as a medical report, it is important to have as much evidence as possible to support your personal injury claim. Brain injuries can be somewhat complex. Therefore, it is ideal to have as much evidence as possible. Your solicitor will require evidence such as where, when and how the incident occurred as well as evidence of the extent of your injuries. Photographic evidence, a copy of a police report, an accident in the workplace book or even CCTV footage could be used as evidence to support your claim for compensation.
When making a claim following a brain injury, it is vital that your injury was caused by someone else and was not self-inflicted. If your injury was a result of the negligence or carelessness of someone else, then you will be able to make a claim, however, if you were responsible for your own injuries, then you will not be able to make a claim.
Do I need a Personal Injury Lawyer?
While most injuries can be somewhat complex and confusing, especially when trying to claim compensation, due to the serious nature of brain injuries, the claim can take significantly longer than other types of claims to resolve. This is due to the severe impact that a brain injury can have, and the fact that the settlement reached is often significantly more than any other type of injury.
Brain injury claims can often have lengthy settlements, however, following such an injury many people are unable to work and encounter financial difficulties. At the Accident Claims Web, their solicitors will do their utmost to get you interim payments. These payments will come before your claim is finalised but can provide some cash settlement to help you with any financial difficulties you may be having.
What can I Claim For?
If you suffer from a brain injury, you can claim for the injuries sustained, and the damage caused as a result of the accident. You can also make a claim for psychological damage, memory loss and any other damage as a result of the injury. When making a personal injury claim, if you have been unable to work due to your accident, you can claim for loss of earnings. To do this, you will need to provide proof of loss of earnings such as a bank balance. It is also possible to claim for any damage to property so that you can have said property fixed or replaced.
Why Choose the Accident Claims Web?
Accidents Claims Web operates on a national level and has the resources and experience to offer the best legal advice and representation when making a brain injury claim. Often, agreements are reached outside of court via a settlement agreement, and the Accident Claims Web will use their years of experience to make sure that you get the compensation you are entitled to and are not undersold when negotiating such an agreement.
When you first contact the Accident Claims Web, they will inform you of what needs to be provided to make a personal injury claim, what you can expect to occur throughout your claim and even how much compensation you could be entitled to.
To get your claim underway, contact their expert solicitors today using their online contact form or by phoning or writing to:
The Accident Claims Web
222 Regent Street
Telephone: 020 3131 2268
If you have suffered a serious injury such as a brain injury, or spinal injury, then it’s essential that you get the compensation payouts that are just and suited to your accident claim.
With that in mind it’s interesting to see some of the recent news come out from Lord Jackson’s comments, and accident claims solicitors are certainly reacting on the Internet including comments on Twitter and social media.
Is Lord Jackson right to lecture about fixed costs ? https://t.co/gAHJF85dFd
— Marcus Weatherby (@acyclinglawyer) February 3, 2016
What the Solicitor’s Journal Say:
Fixed costs for complex cases deemed ‘totally inappropriate’ and may prevent legitimate claims being pursued, say the Law Society and Bar Council
‘Extremely concerning’ proposals to fixed the costs in all civil claims at £250,000 risk access to justice and tilting the courts further in favour of government and big business.
In his speech on 28 January to the Insolvency Practitioners’ Association, Lord Justice Jackson revealed his recommendations to extend fixed costs to all civil claims, including personal injury cases up to a value of £250,000, irrespective of complexity.
Speaking in Westminster, the judge said it was time to extend the fees regime but called on the government to pause plans for fixed fees for clinical negligence.
The Court of Appeal judge admitted his recommendations may not be warmly welcomed by solicitors, but argued that the reforms would have a positive impact on costs management.
Read more @ Solicitors Journal dot com
This superb video film from BrainLine.org lets you meet a handful of people with brain injury who give courage and tenacity new meaning.
The people are brave, and also shows how their own families and friends have had to adapt to the life-changing situations involved in the video stories.
It show various people who are living with a traumatic brain injury, and how they are moving on and coping with their lives.
Watch More Serious Injury Stories
Aside from this video we have also featured others in our “living with injury” series. You can access those here:
Need Accident Claims Advice?
If you have been seriously hurt and require the services of a personal injury lawyer or accident claims advice company then we will soon be featuring selected partners who can offer both free and paid advice.
Please note that all companies that we feature on Scowlp are verified as being genuine experts in their legal field when it comes to offering legal support for serious personal injury claims.
In a follow-up to a previous blog post we did in our series of “living with” here’s another great video that we found online about living with a traumatic brain injury.
Micah Jones was hit by a car driven by a drunk police officer as she crossed the street to get a taxi while interning for a record publisher in Nashville. Micah survived and suffered a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Since her injury Micah founded BrainSong, The Micah Jones Foundation, a non profit for women with brain injuries – read more at www.BrainSong.org.
Recently, Micah was instrumental in getting July 9 named Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness Day in Ohio.This is her story.
Opportunities abound of having to play “nurse” to heal a wound. A graze gardening, cut with a kitchen knife, scrape by falling bike, a cut in the finger with pruning shears …: a wound, however small, always deserves greater attention and must be treated in as fast as we can. A simple sore can turn the big catastrophe. All wounds must be disinfected to prevent the risk of infection. Coat the wound saliva – especially if it is not that of the injured person – is cons-indicated.
Superficial or deep wound?
The pain is not a determining element: a cut with a sheet of paper between two fingers can be more painful than a deep wound in the arm. It is the same for the bleeding: in some places, the body bleeds more abundantly than others. This does not mean that the wound is deeper.
The superficial wound
For superficial wound means a simple skin abrasion, a scratch, a slight cut or scratch. It will surface when it has not been caused by a blunt object and is little scope: the affected area will be less than the size of the palm of an adult hand. You can easily curb the blood and treat the injury. Do not forget though that the same superficial wound can lead to infection.
The wound (more) deep
Disinfecting the wound, it may be deeper than it seems, especially if clean cut with a sharp object. If the wound edges suggest an injury 3-4 mm depth will reduce the bleeding by applying sterile gauze or by signing, after disinfection, adhesive strips Steri-strip type to bring the wound edges . The next step is to protect the wound with a bandage. These “strips” will remain in place for at least five days.
Faced with a deeper wound and / or larger, the doctor will practice sutures or staples pose. In severe cases, surgery will be necessary.
How to disinfect a wound?
You proceed on your own or you come to the aid of a wounded, first and foremost, always wash hands thoroughly, rubbing each finger well with soap.
• In the presence of foreign bodies embedded like gravel, earth, a thorn, twigs, grass, remove them gently with tweezers passed previously in alcohol; or when the flame of a lighter or a match.
• Rinse the wound with clean, warm water.
• Then clean the edges with soap (preferably unscented Marseille) or with a cleaning solution such as the cetavlon. Use especially not hydrophilic or cotton wadding, leaving the fibers to the wound.
• Do not rub the wound but dab it with a disinfectant or antiseptic neutral, colorless preference.
• Avoid alcohol, whether denatured or not. Indeed, alcohol causes not only a sharp pain in the application, but also the risk of damaging the skin cells and thus slow the healing process.
• Avoid – at first instance – the colored disinfectants (eosin, formerly Mercurochrome, iso-betadine, etc.) because their staining might mask any foreign body. You can use them later for their drying and healing power.
A superficial wound should be buffered with sterile gauze, knowing that you should never rub, at the risk of aggravating the injury (not to mention the inconvenience pain).
If the wound is bleeding a lot, it will be necessary to conduct a compression using sterile cotton or cloth (clean) to stem the bleeding.
If after ten to fifteen minutes, the bleeding continues, or if the blood flows through jets, emergency management, while maintaining compression.
The application of hydrogen peroxide provides a coagulating effect.
How to clean the wound?
The wound is cleaned from the center to the edges, tapping with sterile gauze or a clean cloth, and far beyond with disinfectant. It is better to put on too much than not enough, and thus enable radically remove dirt.
In the reverse order, ie the periphery of the wound toward the center, this could fold infectious agents.
And if a bleeding wound must obviously be treated (especially quickly and forcefully that the stream is important), the blood flow is not necessarily a bad thing, since it serves to remove some impurities.
When will it urgent?
• Any major wound of the hand or fingers, even if the bleeding seems under control, requires the advice of a doctor.
• A wound to the chest, abdomen, to the eye, to the temple or touching an articulation requires prompt medical attention.
• If you cut, wrap in a clean cloth, which will be placed in a plastic bag, in turn deposited in a container with ice. Caution: Never put the severed part in direct contact with the ice.
• It is prudent to ensure that vaccination against tetanus is up to date. Otherwise, a point will be necessary. Tetanus vaccine must be renewed every ten years, but the doctor may nevertheless decide preventive reminder, even if the injury occurs less than ten years after the last booster.
• Diabetics and patients with circulatory problems or blood clotting consult a doctor in case of wound itself (relatively) shallow.
How to protect a wound?
Protect the wound with a bandage if it may be exposed to dirt, acidity, chemical products or rubbing against clothing. Otherwise, let the injury heal in the open air, however, knowing that contrary to popular belief, gall heal faster in moisture with a bandage.
When will form a crust, do not scratch: it protects the wound against contamination.
Unless medically indicated, the dressing should not be repeated too often, as this may slow healing (some types dressings also allow to speed).
If the edges of the wound are jagged irregular or if you develop redness and swelling around the wound, if a foreign body (splinter, earth, sand) remains embedded in the wound, if a thick liquid drains off or if there is presence of pus, medical advice is required.
You might also like this post about what to do if your child suffers from a serious head injury.
Some important tips here, please read and digest just in case your child ever suffers with a serious accident or injury to their head.
You must seek medical emergency assistance if your child:
- is unconscious;
- conscious, but if you fear a neck injury;
- suffers from nausea or vomiting;
- has blood or clear fluid coming out of his nose and his ears;
- presence of severe headaches that last more than an hour;
- has an irregular or abnormal breathing;
- suffers from dizziness and vertigo;
- is sleepy or lose consciousness;
- has difficulty moving or fewer sensations;
- has blurred vision;
- suffers from convulsions (involuntary contractions causing violent muscle movements of a body part or the whole body).
If in doubt, do not hesitate to contact the emergency services, or call a local doctor for immediate advice. Please do not try and diagnose on Youtube as some people have been known to do.
If your child does not seem to have fracture a fracture after the incident then you must:
- Apply a bandage on the wound and apply pressure to stop the bleeding.
- Secure the dressing with a bandage.
If your child is hit, but not bleeding, apply pressure on the wound, and to reduce swelling, apply a cold compress or ice where it hurts.
If you fear that they have an injury to the head or neck:
- Reassure them.
- Secure the head and neck, and hold it in the position in which you found it.
- If he wears a helmet, do not remove it.
- Call the emergency services.
- If bleeding continues then apply a compress on the wound, applying light pressure, unless blood or other fluid flowing from his nose and his ears. Pansez slightly affected area with a clean cloth or gauze.
A fall of 15 cm (6 in) onto a hard surface is sufficient to cause significant head injuries. See a doctor if your child has head injuries, although the injury does not seem serious.
How to prevent accidents?
- Use safety gates to prevent your child falls down stairs.
- Make sure he puts his seatbelt in a vehicle.
- Stay cautious near a body of water: teach your child to enter feet first, and make sure the water is deep enough before he plunges into it.
This video doesn’t really need an introduction. Just watch it. Powerful stuff.
Army and military veterans who have suffered from a traumatic brain injury talk about how they are coping, plus some of their own personal experiences in this video.
Some of the veterans in the video describe how they realised they had the signs of TBI (traumatic brain injury) and what effect it has had on their friends and families who have been their to support them in their recovery and recuperation. By reaching out for help, they were able to overcome these obstacles and live better lives.
Please also read our supporting page.